It was yet another tumultuous year for the region. Daesh was militarily defeated, but at a huge cost for civilians. In Syria, the inhumane siege of Ghouta and aerial bombing of civilian areas continued. Somalia experienced its worst-ever terrorist attack. Saudi Arabia led global efforts to fight terror, while trying to check Iran’s expansionism. With their brutal killing of Ali Abdullah Saleh, Al Houthis showed they are not prepared for peace. And Donald Trump’s move on occupied Jerusalem is bound to create further instability.